Alaska Arctic Plant Communities
- Bioclimate Subzones
- Floristic Provinces
- Lake Cover
- NDVI and Phytomass
- Substrate Chemistry
- AATVM Cites
10. Eriophorum angustifolium-Carex aquatilis subtype Dupontia fisheri
Summary of Habitat: Wet nonacidic coastal tundra in subzone C
Described from: Prudhoe Bay (Walker 1985)
Common plant functional types and species:
- Several poorly differentiated wet tundra communities within subzone C are grouped into this unit. The more or less acidic wet coastal tundra communities at Barrow were distinguished from the calcareous landscapes at Barter Island and Prudhoe Bay based on dominant mosses (Elias et al. 1996), but until more information is available, they are all grouped under one name with two codes: Community 4 (acidic) and Community 10 (nonacidic). Somewhat richer communities are found inland in bioclimate subzone D and are grouped in Community 29.
The sedges Carex aquatilis and/or Eriophorum angustifolium, are often the dominant vascular plant species in subzone C. The grass Dupontia fisheri is often present in wet communities near the coast and is used here to designate the wet subtype of subzone C within northern Alaska. A few forbs such as Pedicularis sudetica and Saxifraga foliolosa are usually present. Sphagnum can be locally common in acidic wet tundra. Woody plants are uncommon. Somewhat wetter areas with deeper standing water with the grass Arctophila fulva and/or a few typical aquatic forbs (e.g. Ranunculus palasii, Comarum palustre) are not included in this unit.
Other names from the Alaska literature:
- Stand Type M10, Wet Carex aquatilis, Dupontia fisheri, Eriophorum angustifolium graminoid tundra, Prudhoe Bay, coastal wet polygon centers and meadows, 1 study plot (1310), Walker (1985).
- Eriophorum angustifolium-Carex aquatilis subtype Drepanocladus, 10 relevés, Barter Island, Elias et al. (1996).
- Included in III.A.3.b., Wet sedge-grass meadow tundra, Alaska Vegetation Classification, (Viereck et al. 1992).